Psychodynamic Therapy, Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT),  Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)               

ANXIETY Disorders


Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) involves people experiencing repetitive and upsetting thoughts and/or behaviours. OCD has two main features: Obsessions and Compulsions

Obsessions are thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and over again and feel out of your control. Obsessions can come in the form of involuntary thoughts, images or impulses. Common obsessions include fears about dirt, germs and contamination; fear of acting out violent thoughts ; unreasonable fears of harming others; abhorrent blasphemous or sexual thoughts; inordinate concern with order.

People with OCD typically try to make their obsessions go away by performing Compulsions: excessive washing and cleaning, checking, repetitive actions such as touching, counting, & arranging; hoarding.


Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsession - Fear of Germs. Compulsion - Hand Washing 5 times.

Obsession - I haven't turned off the cooker. Compulsion - check cooker 7 times.

Social Anxiety

Social Phobia or Social Anxiety Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterised by overwhelming anxiety and excessive self consciousness in everyday social situations. If you have a social phobia you get very anxious when you are with other people, usually because you worry that they may be critical of you or you may do something embarrassing. This can be so bad that you get very anxious and cannot enjoy being with people or speaking in front of them and you avoid social situations altogether.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) can help you cope and keep your Social Anxiety under control

Panic Attack

A Panic Attack Is a sudden onset of intense anxiety or terror without any obvious threat. It is a misfiring of the so called "fight flight or freeze" adrenalin reaction. Panic attacks can e very debilitating and completely disrupt a person's life. Once somebody has one they understandably fear that another attach will happen and this causes an array or avoid ant behaviours.

Panic attacks are very common with 7-9% of the population suffer from them - double this amount if milder panics are taken into consideration. If Panic Attacks are causing significant disruption to your life they should be addressed early, the earlier the better.

Symptoms Include: Pounding heart * Sweating Shaking Shortness of breath  Feeling of choking Chest pain Nausea/ tummy cramps Feeling dizzy or unsteady  An out of body or unreal feeling Shivers or hot flushes Pins and needles

General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

People with GAD can’t seem to get rid of their concerns, even though they usually realise that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants. They can’t relax, startle easily, and have difficulty concentrating. Often they have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.

Symptoms  include: fatigue * headaches muscle tension muscle aches difficulty swallowing trembling twitching irritability sweating nausea lightheadedness having to go to the bathroom frequentlyfeeling out of breath and hot flashes.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event.

It is natural to feel afraid during and after a traumatic situation. Fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to help defend against danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a typical reaction meant to protect a person from harm. Nearly everyone will experience a range of reactions after trauma, yet most people recover from initial symptoms naturally. Those who continue to experience problems may be diagnosed with PTSD.People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they are not in danger.                

Symptoms Include: Flashbacks—reliving the trauma over and over, including physical symptoms like a racing heart or sweating;  bad dreams; frightening thoughts;  being easily startled; feeling tense or “on edge”; having difficulty sleeping; having angry outbursts

 THERAPIES for Anxiety and other issues

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT)

ACT aims to change our relationship with our thoughts, feelings, memories and bodily reactions so we can become free from their grip which prevents us from living flexible, meaningful, and enjoyable lives. ACT incorporates acceptance strategies, mindfulness techniques, and a wide range of CBT behavioral approaches.

ACT incorporates acceptance strategies, mindfulness techniques, and a wide range of behavioral approaches.


CBT can help you deal with your problems in a more positive way. It is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle. CBT looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis. During the sessions, you will work with me to break down your problems into their separate parts – such as your thoughts, physical feelings and actions.Together we will analyse these areas to work out if they are unrealistic or unhelpful and to determine the effect they have on each other and on you. I will then be able to help you work out how to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours.

CBT for Anxiety * Panic Attacks  * OCD  * Depression  * Social Anxiety  * Phobias


Psychodynamic therapy is insight-oriented and focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in a person’s present behaviour. The goals of psychodynamic therapy are a client’s self-awareness and understanding of the influence of the past on present behaviour. A psychodynamic approach enables the client to examine unresolved conflicts and symptoms that arise from past dysfunction.